Rabies is a devastating zoonotic disease causing nearly 60, deaths globally each year. The disease causes Malawi an economic loss of 13 million USD and kills almost people annually. However, achieving such coverages is often difficult and depend on many geospatial factors. Rural and pastoral regions are considered difficult to vaccinate efficiently due to low dog densities, and reports of campaigns spanning large areas containing vastly different communities are lacking.
This study describes a mass canine vaccination campaign covering rural and urban regions in southern Malawi. The campaign achieved an average vaccination coverage of A dog population ofdogs was estimated dog:human ratio of The canine population was found to be almost completely owned The dogs were mainly adults, males, and not neutered. A second regression analysis was performed predicting absolute vaccination coverage. While education level and the proportion of confined dogs were associated with positive vaccination coverage, higher proportions of young animals and female dogs were associated with a decrease in coverage.
These findings can inform the logistics of future campaigns and might be used as a template to facilitate high-number, high-coverage vaccination campaigns to other regions in sub-Saharan Africa. Despite international efforts, rabies continues to be prevalent in sub-Saharan Africa, where dog vaccination coverages remain suboptimal.Dht buildup
Different communities require different approaches depending on socio-economic and spatial factors. The dog demographics were studied and compared with reports from other regions of sub-Saharan Africa.
Logistic regression models were developed to identify the effect of different factors on coverage. While the influence of several variables on absolute vaccination coverage was determined, only education level and the proportion of young animals were shown to have a significant influence on a region achieving adequate coverage. This study demonstrates the feasibility of vaccinating large number of dogs at high coverage across a wide range of geographical areas in southern Malawi.
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Data Availability: All relevant data are within the manuscript and its Supporting Information files. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript.
Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Nearly 59, lives are lost every year due to rabies [ 1 ], a disease that is still prevalent and underreported in the majority of developing countries, causing annual losses of 3. Rabies in SSA continues to be a major public health issue seldom given the priority needed for its control or eradication [ 4 ]. For this reason, mass canine vaccination campaigns have been demonstrated to be the most effective strategy for the reduction of rabies burden in dog and human populations [ 6 ].
Many pilot rabies vaccination campaigns have been performed across SSA [ 89 ], but there have been few attempts at organizing large scale operations covering regions with different housing densities.
Information regarding dog ecology in most of SSA is lacking, which hinders the development of vaccination campaigns tailored to the needs of each setting. Furthermore, our understanding of factors influencing whether a dog vaccination campaign successfully achieves an adequate coverage is limited. Such knowledge is necessary to identify which aspects of the campaign need to be improved upon in order to increase their effectiveness.
The campaign consisted of a combined static point SP and door-to-door D2D effort which achieved a mean vaccination coverage of Data collected during the Blantyre city campaign allowed to identify barriers to attendance to SP clinics, providing guidelines on ways to increase the efficiency of urban SP campaigns [ 12 ]. Inthe campaign was expanded to the neighbouring Zomba and Chiradzulu districts vaccinating nearly 90, dogs [ 10 ].Trucchi lettera w
Alongside vaccination, rabies educational campaigns were conducted in schools in the three districts, which has been shown to effectively increase the knowledge of rabies in primary school children [ 13 ]. This publication describes a mass dog vaccination campaign performed in addressing both rural and urban regions, reporting the number of vaccinated dogs and vaccination coverage achieved in the different districts, and characterising the dog population of the region.
The results are expected to facilitate the rollout of efficient large-scale dog vaccination campaigns in different geographical settings in SSA. Verbal informed consent was obtained from every owner before the vaccination of their dog.Although that number has gone down since from 3.
Here are 25 benefits of adopting a shelter dog.
D2D 2020 General Info and Comment Thread (Read The First Post)
If you go to a pet store or to a disreputable breeder to buy that adorable puppy, it's entirely possible that it's from a puppy mill, where dogs are kept in terrible conditions.
By adopting a rescue, you can help lower the demand for puppies from puppy mills. Is your heart set on a specific breed? There's a wide network of breed-specific rescues out there. Just spend a little time online and you can get the dog of your dreams without resorting to buying from puppy mills.
A study that appeared in Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research analyzed problem solving in dogs in homes what they called "pet dogs" versus shelter dogs.
25 Benefits of Adopting a Rescue Dog
The researchers found that although pet dogs are better at following human pointing, shelter dogs "seem to be more socially driven to gaze and interact with humans" when compared with pet dogs, which they say is likely due to the shelter dogs' "generally limited and poor-quality contact with humans.
According to Slateone survey found that "82 percent of people [felt] more confident approaching an attractive person if they had their dog with them. There have been several studies on the best ways to calm dogs in kennels [ PDF ]. Cesar Milan then did his own tests and found that 76 percent of his volunteer dogs were more relaxed at home while listening to audiobooks—and teamed up with Audible to create a specialized audiobook service.
Just be careful: soon your rescue pup will be better read than you. But once adopted, dogs' attitudes can change dramatically. Although in the shelter Daisy had groomed so much that she developed a skin lesion, in the six months that she lived at the facility, her over-grooming lessened, she was healthy, and she "displayed no aggressive or sexual behavior, even when in heat.
Whether you get your pet at a breed-specific rescue or from a normal shelter, you'll often have access to resources about your fuzzy new family member, and maybe even classes on how best to take care of them.
Depending on the shelter, shelter dogs may already be vaccinated and microchipped or the shelter will perform these services for a small fee —which means you can get straight to cuddling your new pet instead of making vet appointments. More than half of states have laws requiring "releasing agencies" a.
While the pet sometimes isn't fixed until you adopt it, frequently it's already been spayed or neutered. Check with your local adoption center.Happy spring to all our fans.
Here's some inspiration from Zara and Jax, two magnificent adult GSDs who know how to live in the moment and enjoy the magnificent CT views and spring flowers. These two gorgeous adults are loving the Amigo Confidence range and get all the nutrition they need to stay full of energy and enjoy a busy life. Jump to. Sections of this page. Accessibility help.
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Highly intelligent and focused, Kerry enrolled Sasha in obedience training where she could channel her energy and incredible focus. Sasha absolutely loves these sessions - look out for Sasha on the silver screen one of these days.
What a special pack! Completely guilty of this What toneDiscussion in ' Alaska ' started by KHudJan 3, Log in or Join. Adventure Rider. KHudJan 3, This thread is the place where you can ask questions, grumble, comment, whine, snivel, blubber, bellyache, brag, lie or otherwise bloviate about I have stickied both threads.
Kul MomSolarmoose and simestd like this. AlaskajeffJan 7, ADVwxyzJan 9, Joined: Aug 11, Oddometer: Location: vancouver. Hello D2D Vet's. First timer here. I have a choice to make Or after?
If I do it before, then hangovers are no issue. If I do it after- will it be busy? Thanks for your insights. ADV Sponsors. Depends on the weather, indecision is the key to flexibility. Brettabobw and outdoorsman like this. KHudJan 9, You plan on consuming alcohol at D2D?!?!?!
Moto-KafeJan 10, According to Google Here is a rundown on hangover remedies Drink fluids Get some carbohydrates into your system Avoid darker-colored alcoholic beverages Ask The Dick to change your tires Take a pain reliever, but not TylenolAs anyone who has visited our Mountain View, California, corporate headquarters can tell you, Peloton has a very dog-friendly environment.
What about platooning technology for dogs? Imagine the order it could bring to dog parks everywhere. Instead of dogs running around chaotically, in all directions, paired and platooning dogs could run and play more cohesively. Dogs could move freely within less space.
Even indoors, platooning dogs could bring greater order and serenity to multi-dog households and dog-friendly offices. With a few tweaks, Peloton engineers have transformed V2V communications to create direct dog-to- dog D2D communications. Using antennas fitted discretely into specialized dog collars, D2D communications allows platooning dogs to behave as a single unit. Thanks to their direct electronic connection, the platooning dogs can run as fast as they choose, while stopping instantly together to pick up a thrown ball or stick, or to check out any interesting-smelling treasures they encounter.
Peloton engineers also designed its D2D technology so that platooning dogs can communicate directly with one another, with whatever barks and growls and whines they are most comfortable using. V2V Communication in Platooning March 8, Show all.
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